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Vegan For Life
by Jack Norris, RD &
Ginny Messina, MPH, RD
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Figure: Methionine-Homocysteine-Folate-B12 Cycle


Methionine-Homocysteine-Folate-B12 Cycle


References

1. Groff J, Gropper S. Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism, 3rd ed. Wadsworth: 2000.

2. Herrmann W, Schorr H, Purschwitz K, Rassoul F, Richter V. Total homocysteine, vitamin b(12), and total antioxidant status in vegetarians. Clin Chem. 2001 Jun;47(6):1094-101.

3. DeRose DJ, Charles-Marcel ZL, Jamison JM, Muscat JE, Braman MA, McLane GD, Keith Mullen J. Vegan diet-based lifestyle program rapidly lowers homocysteine levels. Prev Med. 2000 Mar;30(3):225-33.

4. Krajcovicova-Kudlackova M, Blazicek P, Kopcova J, Bederova A, Babinska K. Homocysteine levels in vegetarians versus omnivores. Ann Nutr Metab. 2000;44(3):135-8.

5. Selhub J, Bagley LC, Miller J, Rosenberg IH. B vitamins, homocysteine, and neurocognitive function in the elderly. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Feb;71(2):614S-620S.

6. Refsum H. Folate, vitamin B12 and homocysteine in relation to birth defects and pregnancy outcome. Br J Nutr. 2001 May;85 Suppl 2:S109-13.

7. Kirke PN, Molloy AM, Daly LE, Burke H, Weir DG, Scott JM. Maternal plasma folate and vitamin B12 are independent risk factors for neural tube defects. Q J Med. 1993 Nov;86(11):703-8.

8. Fenech M. Micronucleus frequency in human lymphocytes is related to plasma vitamin B12 and homocysteine. Mutat Res. 1999 Jul 16;428(1-2):299-304.

9. Loehrer FM, Schwab R, Angst CP, Haefeli WE, Fowler B. Influence of oral S-adenosylmethionine on plasma 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, S-adenosylhomocysteine, homocysteine and methionine in healthy humans. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1997 Aug;282(2):845-50.